CBD (Cannabidiol) is an active cannabinoid compound present in the hemp (marijuana) plant. People are using CBD for the treatment of many ailments and medical conditions like chronic pain, inflammation, arthritis, fibromyalgia, nausea, vomiting, stress, and anxiety for many years. According to research studies, CBD is completely non-psychoactive and non-toxic which is one of the biggest reasons for its popularity. The chances of overdosing with CBD are almost zero because there is a very little amount of THC content in it. THC contents are particularly responsible for producing “high” or hallucination effects.
On the basis of the presence of cannabinoids and other chemicals, CBD has three major types:
- Full-Spectrum CBD (Cannabidiol)
- Broad Spectrum CBD (Cannabidiol)
- CBD Isolate
We will discuss all these three types separately and explain the Full-Spectrum CBD in detail.
Different Types of CBD
· Full Spectrum CBD
As the name implies, Full-Spectrum CBD is a type of CBD which contains all the cannabinoids compound present in the hemp plant including THC contents.
· Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad Spectrum CBD contains all additional compounds derived from the cannabis plant including CBN (Cannabinol), terpenes, and cannabichromene. However, Broad Spectrum CBD does not contain even a minute amount of THC content. For this reason, Broad Spectrum CBD does not produce any kind of “high” effects.
· CBD Isolate
CBD Isolate is the purest form of CBD which contains cannabinoids compounds only. It does not contain any additional compounds from the cannabis plant. People who want to get all the benefits of CBD should choose CBD Isolate.
Now, we will discuss the Full Spectrum CBD in detail.
Full Spectrum CBD
As we have discussed earlier, Full Spectrum CBD has a very low level of THC. However, it contains numerous other cannabinoid compounds present in the hemp plant. The THC content quantity is less than 0.3% in Full Spectrum CBD on the basis of dry weight. This low quantity of THC is unable to produce “high” effects among its users. However, sometimes the manufacturer can increase the level of THC according to the nature of the application. For example, some tinctures can contain up to 2 mg per milliliter of THC which can produce euphoric effects.
Full Spectrum CBD contains some terpenes as well. The main function of terpenes is to give plants their scent. Many research studies associate an “Entourage Effect” with the Full Spectrum CBD. Entourage Effect is actually the group of health benefits associated with Full Spectrum CBD due to the multiple cannabis plant compounds present in it.
· Major Health Benefits of Full-Spectrum CBD
Some of the potential health benefits of Full Spectrum CBD are as follows:
Full-Spectrum CBD has very strong Antiseizure properties through which, it can provide relief in case of seizures or some mild mental disorders. Recent research studies have reported that the Full-Spectrum CBD can be very helpful in the treatment of Epilepsy.
Full Spectrum CBD might be helpful in the treatment of cancer. Recent research studies have reported that Full-Spectrum CBD has very strong antioxidant properties because of which it is able to kill cancerous cells and avoid cancer-promoting factors. Full Spectrum CBD is also helpful in alleviating chemotherapy-induced stress, anxiety, vomiting, and nausea.
Full Spectrum CBD may help in the treatment of anxiety by interacting with the Endocannabinoid System of the body. Full Spectrum CBD interacts with the Endocannabinoid CB2 receptors to provide relief in anxiety by increasing the level of “happy chemicals” in the body like anandamide and serotonin.
Full Spectrum CBD may provide instant pain relief by interacting with the Endocannabinoid receptors and blocking the pain responses. This benefit of the Full Spectrum of CBD is approved by many research studies on both animals and humans.
Strong Anti-Inflammatory properties are associated with the Full Spectrum CBD. It can reduce inflammation in almost all parts of the body by interacting with the Endocannabinoid receptors CB2 are blocking the inflammation responses.
· Different Extraction Methods used for the manufacturing of Full Spectrum CBD
There are three main ways to extract Full Spectrum CBD from hemp plant:
Carbon dioxide extraction
As the name implies, this method utilizes CO2 to separate Full spectrum CBD from the Cannabis plant. A high concentration of Full-Spectrum CBD can be produced through this method.
In this method, steam is utilized to separate the Full-Spectrum CBD from plant material. This method is particularly utilized for the extraction of essential plant oils. However, this method is not as effective as the CO2 method.
Solvent Extraction is another method of extraction of Full Spectrum CBD. However, this method is susceptible to contamination from the solvent. During the process, if solvents are left behind, they can cause serious potential health risks.
Lipid Extraction is another method of extraction for Full-Spectrum CBD which is gaining popularity. This method is effective than CO2 and Solvent Extraction but somewhat expensive.
We have explained the Full-Spectrum CBD in detail in this article. You have also understood the main difference between Full-Spectrum CBD and the remaining two types of CBD. However, if you are thinking about starting Full-Spectrum CBD, you must consult with your doctor first because the different compounds present in the Full Spectrum CBD might be dangerous for you if you take them in a large amount. You should take Full-Spectrum CBD in the form of optimal doses.
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